User Exits for TO Processing
With this user exit, the overdelivery of a material can be integrated into the TO processing.
General information about transfer order processing
Transfer order processing and confirmation in the WM system are divided into the
- SAPML03T Screens, transactions
- SAPLL03A Item creation (TO core)
- SAPLL03B Function modules for external purposes
- SAPLL03T Update tasks
These four programs work together as follows:
SAPML03T contains all the transfer order processing screens. All related transactions are initiated using screens from this program. All corresponding data is read, checked and recorded here (transportation
requirements in transfer order: transportation requirements, transfer order: confirmation, etc.)
Actual creation or confirmation of items occurs via function modules in SAPLL03A , where the transfer orders are first created and recorded internally as the putaway and picking strategies and several
checks are run. Changes in storage location, storage unit or stock that may arise from individual transfer order items are simulated in internal tables.
Item creation and confirmation occurs in two steps. First, the item is generated internally and all checks are carried out. Then, the internal
tables are updated via a second function module and the transfer order items are added internally. You can view this two-step process by running transfer order creation in the foreground (screen SAPML03T 102). First, the system generates the transfer order item, then issues
a warning. If entries are made on the screen, the system regenerates the transfer order item (including all checks) and the previous one is discarded. The internal tables are updated after the warning disappears.
The confirmation process follows a similar procedure.
User action 'post' in SAPML03T is carried out after an item is created or confirmed, which in turn calls up function module SAPLL03A , which then activates the update function modules in SAPLL03T. These function modules are normally processed
asynchronously (supplement IN UPDATE TASK), but can also occur synchronously (see below). All changes in storage location, storage unit, stock, transportation requirements or transfer orders are made in these function modules.
SAPLL03B contains function modules for creating and confirming
transfer orders which can be used instead of transactions. First, the normal screen run of the parameters transmitted is reviewed. Reading, checking and recording of the data and part of the flow logic occurs via external performs in SAPML03T
and in a common data area, to avoid redundant code. Item creation and confirmation takes place in function modules found in SAPLL03A.
Function modules L_TO_CREATE_TR and L_TO_CREATE_DN, for example, are used in collective processing in the SAP standard system. Updating occurs synchronously in this case.
Transactions in SAPLL03A and SAPML03T
Some checks within the transfer order creation and confirmation processes depend on the transaction concerned. This transaction (field VORGA) is placed at the disposal of all user exits so that the system can react as required for the transaction involved.
- "TB" Transfer order for transfer requirement
- "LF" Transfer order for delivery note
- "TL" Transfer complete storage unit
Homogeneous storage units can also be transferred explicitly. In this case, the value of the field is LTAP-HOMVE = 'X'.
- "IV" Clear inventory
- "U1" Create first item for posting change
- "U2" Create second item for posting change
- "QB" Confirm storage unit for stock removal from SU-managed block storage area
Within the SU-managed block storage ares, the item type (POSTY) of a TO
item is of interest. It is set when the source data is determined and can have the following values:
- " " Normal transfer order item
- "1" Quant-neutral stock removal that requires verification of storage units during the confirmation process
- "2" Storage unit verified during confirmation
Items with item type "1" are deleted as soon as confirmation is complete.
Call transaction and other important requirements
During the stock removal it is sometimes useful to remove more than the
requested quantity. In Customizing, you can start complete stock removals for quants (complete stock removal or overdeliveries in the storage type control, overdeliveries in the movement type). If this is not detailed enough, you can achieve a more detailed overdelivery with this user exit.
The user exit is performed when determining the source bin quantity. Only abend messages or system messages may be sent within the function module. There must never be a user dialog as the source storage bin is blocked at this time and the user dialog would undermine the advantages of blocking concept 'B'.
Parameters and options
The user exit in the program is function module EXIT_SAPLL03A_009. In order to be able to use the user exit, you must create Include ZXLTOU12 and activate the enhancement with transaction CMOD.
The following parameters are available:
- I_LQUA Found stock that is to be used for the stock removal. I_LQUA-VERME The quantity that can be removed at the most.
- I_LTAK The respective TO header that contains, for example, the reference documents such as transfer requirement number or the like.
- I_LTAP The TO item that has been created so far
Please refer to the interface documentation of function module L_TO_PREPARE_ITEM_INT for more information on the filled fields in I_LTAK and I_LTAP.
- I_MLVS Material master
- I_MGEF Hazardous material master
- I_T331 Control data of the storage type from which the withdrawal is to be made
- I_T333 Movement type with which the TO is created
- I_T340D Warehouse number control
- I_VORGA Transaction within the TO processing
- C_ANFML: the (remaining) requested quantity of this material in base unit of measure. This value can be raised (usefully up to I_LQUA-VERME at the most). For an underdelivery it can also be reduced. In this case, however, this user exit must be in adherence with the customer
exit for the underdelivery (MWMTO005). If the requirement to remove all stock is defined for the storage type or if the movement type requires an overdelivery, a change of C_ANFML remains without effect. This quantity is relevant if active ingredient processing is not active (I_LTAP-WIRME is set to its initial value).
- C_ANFME: the (remaining) requested quantity of this material in alternative unit of measure. This value can be raised (usefully up to the active ingredient quantity at the most which corresponds to I_LQUA-VERME). For an underdelivery it can also be reduced. In this
case, however, this user exit must be in adherence with the customer exit for the underdelivery (MWMTO005). If the requirement to remove all stock is defined for the storage type or if the movement type requires an overdelivery, a change of C_ANFME remains without effect. This quantity is relevant if active ingredient processing is active
(I_LTAP-WIRME is not set to its initial value).
There are no export parameters, C_ANFML and C_ANFME are transferred by reference and can be changed directly.
There are no table parameters.
Information on the status of transfer order processing
Using the function module L_TO_CREATE_GET_INFO you can obtain information on the current status of transfer order processing. In addition to Table TAP with the transfer order items already created, you can use the following tables: PSPERR, LSPERR, QSPERR and SSPERR.
These tables contain the storage bins, storage units and quants affected by the transfer order. However, the contents of the more important fields do not match the status in the database. Instead, they appear as if the transfer order items created up to now have been
posted. The update of the item currently being posted is not included in the table.
If, for example, a bin is read in the user exit, we recommend that you have the system first check in Table PSPERR and then, only if data access is unsuccessful, to read the database. If this is not possible
(for example, the bin is read by the index for empty bins), a bin that has been read should still be compared with Table PSPERR.
The only exception to this rule is a quant affected by blocking logic B. In this case, QSPERR has the status that would exist on the basis
of the current transfer order. Changes that arise from parallel transfer orders are only partially included. If, for example, transfer orders 1 and 2 (in this sequence) access the same quant and the respective items have already been created internally, QSPERR contains
the stock of transfer order 1 minus the current item and for transfer order 2 the stock is minus both items. Therefore, to have the current stock in each case, the database stocks must be compared with the global blocking table (blocking object ELLQUAY via function module
"ENQUEUE_READ" read and evaluate). Whether or not this exact stock reading is required should be decided in each individual case.
The following example of a stock removal via user exit may be of help in making this decision:
Bin stock database: 10 pieces
TO 1 removes 5 pcs and first creates the item internally
TO 2 wants to have 10 pcs removed from stock.
The user exit also decides on this bin. The quant is not in the internal table because no internal item yet exists. Irrespective of whether the user exit proposes the bin with a stock of 5 pcs or 10 pcs,
transfer order 2 (providing there is a positive stock balance) would at most take 5 pieces and would try to supply the remaining 5 pieces by means of a further item. Within the user exit, the correct stock is not important for the stock removal to be "correct". It is only
important if it affects a decision, that is, if the user exit proposes another bin because only 5 pieces could be removed from the first bin.
Table IBDBATCH is available for you to create your own stock removal strategy. This table is important for batch-neutral documents if you
want your own stock removal strategy to be influenced by the standard batch search function.
All the above tables are predefined for the user exit. If the system is to access one of these tables within the user exit, the current version must be called up via the function module
L_TO_CREATE_GET_INFO. The following example shows you how to call up Tables PSPERR, QSPERR and TAP. The other two tables are not of importance because there is no SU management involved: CALL FUNCTION 'L_TO_CREATE_GET_INFO' EXPORTING
I_LAGP_COPY = 'X' I_LQUA_COPY = 'X' I_LTAP_VB_COPY = 'X' TABLES T_PSPERR = PSPERR T_LSPERR = LSPERR T_QSPERR = QSPERR
T_SSPERR = SSPERR T_TAP = TAP T_BDBATCH = IBDBATCH.
The table parameters must always be specified; only the marked tables (with "X") are copied.
Table IBDBATCH can only be called up by user exits from SAPLL03A. Otherwise the content is undefined.
- EXIT_SAPLL03A_009: Overdelivery and if Necessary Underdelivery Via User Exit